May 30, 2014

A glimpse on 65 Architecture Biennale-Pavilions (Absorbing Modernity: 1914-2014).

This year, the national pavilions at the 14th Architecture Biennale in Venice should angage a single theme "Absorbing Modernity: 1914 - 2014" and show there national characertistics and development of the last 100 years. See a brief summary of the 65 Biennale-Pavilions and how the countries have dealt with the topic.


1. ALBANIA
Potential Monuments of Unrealised Futures
Venue: to be confirmed
"Two Albanian artists, Edi Hila and Adrian Paci, present emblematic artworks that deal with the theme of the 14th International Architecture Biennale."

2. ARGENTINA
IDEAL / REAL - IDEALE / REALE – IDEAL / REAL
Venue: Sale d’Armi Nord, Arsenale
"In the exhibition Ideal/Real, the curators identified the evolution of how modernism was absorbed in the last century by Argentinian society"

3. ARMENIA, Republic of
The Capital of Desires
Venue: Collegio Armeno Moorat Raphael, Ca’ Zenobio, Dorsoduro 2596
 "The exhibition will present various materials on  projects developed by different generations of Armenian architects as: Artur Tarkhanyan, Jim Torosyan, Armen Zaryan, and others."

4. AUSTRALIA
Augmented Australia 1914 – 2014
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://wp.architecture.com.au/venicebiennale/
 "The Augmented Australia exhibition at Venice will showcase 11 historical and 11 contemporary Australian projects from the past one hundred years, which for various reasons, were never built. It will also bring to life the new Australian Pavilion by Denton Corker Marshall, while it is still under construction in Venice."

5. AUSTRIA
Plenum. Places of Power
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://www.labiennale.at/
"The subject of the Austrian contribution to the 2014 Biennale is parliament [..] The pavilion displays all two hundred or so national parliament buildings from around the world – a parliament of parliaments – each documented by models on a scale of 1:500."

6. BAHRAIN, Kingdom of
Fundamentalists and Other Arab Modernisms
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"The pavilion supports the efforts of the Arab Centre for Architecture in creating a centralized archival database of architectural documents from across the Arab World."

7. BELGIUM
Intérieurs, notes et figures
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://www.interieurs-notes-figures.be/
"Focusing on the home, “Interiors. Notes and Figures” records and analyzes the domestic landscapes that result from this process of transformation. The curatorial team spent five months taking thousands of photographs of home interiors throughout Belgium."

8. BRAZIL
BRAZIL: MODERNITY AS TRADITION
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The exhibition that will occupy the Brazil Pavilion aims to show the chronological evolution of Brazilian architecture, organized into “building” types: collective housing, individual residences, governmental buildings, schools, urbanism, landscaping, pavilions and cultural centers."

9. CANADA
Arctic Adaptations: Nunavut at 15
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://www.arcticadaptations.ca/project/
 "The pavilion shows a century of arctic architecture, an urbanizing present, and a projective near future of adaptive architecture in Nunavut. Each of these components documents architectural history in this remarkable but relatively little known region of Canada."

10. CHILE
Monolith Controversies
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
 "The pavilion is documenting the 153 housing blocks built in Chile by the KPD plant, as well as the technical, typological and conceptual reconstruction of twenty-eight large-concrete panel systems developed and disseminated worldwide between 1931 and 1981."

11. CHINA, People’s Republic of China
Mountains beyond Mountains
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
 "Three architectural firms will use three kinds of materials and structural systems, and are running-in and are symbiotic with each other in terms of basic architectural concepts including stylobate, house, house and yard, etc., reinforcing each other."

12. COSTA RICA **
Ticollage City
Venue: to be confirmed
"The exhibition presents the vicious circle of social segregation and spatial fragmentation in Costa Rica’s Greater Metropolitan Area 1914-2014."

13. CROATIA
Fitting Abstraction
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"The pavilion presents Croatian architecture from the period 1914-2014 and explores how architecture, through its disciplinary autonomy, responded to the intense conditions of globally impending modernity."

14. CYPRUS, Republic of
Anatomy of the Wall_Paper
Venue: Palazzo Malipiero
"The pavilion shows the history of Nicosia, Cyprus in 'layered' wallpapers."

15. CZECH, Republic
2x100 mill.m2 : Collective Dream 
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini

16. DENMARK
Empowerment of Aesthetics
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The exhibition ’Empowerment of Aesthetics’ insists on new sensuous and sustainable symbiosis between rationality and aesthetics – between architecture and nature."

17. DOMINICAN, Republic *
Fair Concrete/La Feria Concreta
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"The exhibition explores the impetus and impact of the 1955 World Fair of Peace and Fraternity of the Free World - a definitive moment of national modernization orchestrated by Dictator Rafael Trujillo - and concrete, the material that became the Dominican Republic’s nation building material of choice."

18. EGYPT
AMNESIA
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
 "The exhibition reflects the changes of the architecture style in Egypt and its development over the past 100 years."

19. ESTONIA
Interspace
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
http://www.enterinterspace.ee/
"The Estonian exhibition is exploring new tendencies in public placemaking. In an information society, the fundamental communicative role of architecture is being challenged by networked technologies that produce a multitude of personalized understandings of the public sphere."

20. FINLAND (Pavilion Alvar Aalto)
Re-Creation
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"Finland features the Re-Creation installation designed by Anssi Lassila and co-curated by Juulia Kauste, director of Museum of Finnish Architecture, and well-known Dutch art director and architecture critic Ole Bouman."

21. FRANCE
Modernity: promise or menace?
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The French pavilion shows significant contributions made by French architects and engineers, as the country has shaped modernity."

22. GERMANY
Bungalow Germania
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://bungalowgermania.de/en/
"The German pavilion is about representation and explained through two buildings: the chancellor's bungalow in Bonn and the Padiglione Germania in the Giardini."

23. GREAT BRITAIN
A Clockwork Jerusalem
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://design.britishcouncil.org/venice-biennale/venice-biennale-2014/
"A Clockwork Jerusalem will explore how the international influences of Modernism became mixed with long standing British sensibilities. It examines how traditions of the romantic, sublime and pastoral, as well as interests in technology and science fiction were absorbed to create a specifically British form of Modernism."

24. GREECE
Tourism Landscapes: Remaking Greece
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://www.aesopos.net/remaking_greece/index.htm
"The construction of seaside hotels, resorts and organized beaches has adopted the modern architectural language. [..] This architecture was not subordinated to preexisting cultural and formal commitments to tradition, but rather adopted the modern architectural language."

25. HUNGARY
Építés (Building)
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The Hungarian Pavilion at Venice Biennale will show the training method called the ‘Carpathian Basin Model’. The project explores the roots of the method and the millenary practice of the organic and spontaneous community building."

26. INDONESIA *
Craftmanship: Material Consciousness 
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"The Indonesian Pavilion  will tell stories about Indonesian experience on building things during the last one hundred years. It is inevitable that their way of building things – nowadays – is pretty much (still) dominated by handy works, through the hands of our skilled and unskilled laborers as well as well-trained artisans."

27. IRAN
Instant Past
Venue: to be confirmed
"Instant Past will examine distinct moments in Iranian modernization over the last century where processes of re-creation of the past were triggered and new architectures were created."

28. IRELAND
Infra-Éireann: Making Ireland Modern
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"Infra –Éireann will present landmark infrastructure in Ireland, on a decade by decade basis over the last one hundred years it simultaneously captures the story of the Irish nation-building."

29. ISRAEL
Urburb
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The Israel topic is 'Urburb', a neologism referring to the contemporary mesh of urban and suburban sprawl, which is the end result of one hundred years of modernist planning in Israel."

30. ITALY
Innesti/Grafting
Venue: Italian Pavilion, Tese of Vergini at Arsenale
http://www.domusweb.it/en/news/2014/04/24/innesti_grafting.html
"Innesti/Grafting, is about the assumption that Italian architecture since the First World War today demonstrates an ‘anomalous modernity’, represented by its significant capacity to interpret and incorporate previous states through continuous metamorphosis."

31. IVORY COAST *
Exterieur
Venue: Chiesa San Francesco della Vigna
" In an announced scenario of accelerated development, the exhibition takes a step back to the cultural fundamentals of the country."

32. JAPAN
In the real world
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"Japan in the 70ies, after the oil crisis of 1973,  'in which individuals embarked on radical experiments in an attempt to reconnect to the world"

33. KENYA *
Back to the(se) Stars
Venue: Isola di San Servolo

34. KOREA, Republic of
Crow’s Eye View: The Korean Peninsula
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The Pavilion explores the divided state of North and South Korea, and extends that discussion to the global state of architecture itself."

35. KOSOVO, Republic of
Visibility
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
Kosovo's contribution plays with the idea of visibility and erasure. 'In the beginning of the XX century, self-regulated democratic urban order has been replaced with government urban control, foreign to local customs and culture, producing 100 years of disorder.' (Gezim Pacarizi)

36. KUWAIT
Acquiring Modernity
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
 "To articulate the nation’s history of modernization, the Kuwait pavilion focuses  on the establishment of the Kuwait National Museum in 1957 and through the envisaged program of its second, modern iteration of 1960/1983."

37. LATVIA
Unwritten
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"The pavilion showcases the Baltic state’s unique post-war styles and structures. The Unwritten project will fill the Latvian pavilion with photos of Modernist structures from the post-war era, an attempt to build appreciation and understanding before buildings are lost to redevelopment."

38. LUXEMBOURG, Grand Duchy of
Modernity - loved, hated or ignored?
Venue: Ca’ del Duca, Corte del Duca Sforza, San Marco 3052
http://loved-hated-ignored.com/
"How has modernity come to dominate everyday experience? How do we view the buildings that we pass every day? Do we reject them or embrace them? Or are we merely indifferent to them?"

39. MACEDONIA, Former Yugoslavian Republic of
Findings
Venue: to be confirmed
 "The project ‘Findings’ is an author’s view of the specific experience of  existence of the City of Skopje demonstrated through an adequately selected segments from external changes through time."

40. MALAYSIA
Sufficiency
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"A fundamental of architecture is shaped by the idea of sufficiency, which begins with a mental measurement of material adequacy. [..] 23 participants have been shortlisted [..] to put forward alternate ideas of Sufficiency."

41. MEXICO
…condenados a ser modernos
Venue: Sale d’Armi Nord, Arsenale
"The pavilion [..] intends to deploy two types of discourses. One traditional and the other contemporary; the first one determined by eight themed panels, eight doors that recover topics central to the deployment of the process of modernity in Mexico. The other, a luminous ellipse in which more than one hundred works, interviews and historical events related to architecture, are presented through high impact audiovisuals."

42. MONTENEGRO 
Yugo ruins as Potentials
Venue: Palazzo Malipiero, San Marco 3079
"The Montenegro Pavilion presents four examples of late-modernist architecture that were built in Montenegro between 1960 and 1986. [..] They are a testament to the failure of modernism."

43. MOROCCO *
Fundamental(ism)s
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"The exposition will focus on the importance of studying Morocco’s architectural potential in its historic and contemporary dimensions."

44. MOZAMBIQUE. Republic of *
Architecture between Two Worlds
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
 "The Mozambican pavilion proposes two complementary readings of the country's reality and architecture, titled 'Architecture Between Two Worlds'.

45. NETHERLANDS, The
Open: A Bakema Celebration
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://open.jaapbakemastudycentre.nl/
 "The Dutch pavilion examines the work and ideas of the architect Jaap Bakema. [..] Jaap Bakema (1914–1981) aimed to build toward a new, open society that was democratic, egalitarian and all-inclusive. He believed architecture should accommodate the emancipation of the masses while allowing for the self-realisation of the individual citizen."

46. NEW ZEALAND *
Last, Loneliest, Loveliest
Venue: Palazzo Pisani Santa Marina, Calle delle Erbe, Cannaregio 6104
http://venice.nzia.co.nz/
"Unlike European architecture, which is about mass, Pacific architecture is light-weight – it’s made of posts and beams with panel infills, and big roofs. You can see this architecture expressed over the course of the last 100 years, from the Māori meeting house to the new Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki and Christchurch’s Cardboard Cathedral."

47. NORDIC PAVILION (FINLAND, NORWAY, SWEDEN)
Forms of Freedom. African Independence and Nordic Models
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The Nordic Pavilion presents the exhibition "Forms of Freedom. African Independence and Nordic Models", showcasing Nordic Architects working in development projects in Eastern Africa 1960–1980."

48. PARAGUAY
Aqua Alta (Acqua Alta/Agua Alta/Ybate)
Venue: Liceo Artistico Statale Michelangelo Guggenheim, Dorsoduro 2613
"Paraguay’s entry for the 2014 Venice Biennale uses water as the major structural member. Titled “Aqua Alta,” the Paraguayan pavilion responds to the Biennale’s focus on present day fundamentals by stating that present day architecture have to accomplish more with less. [..] Javier Corvalán + Laboratorio de Arquitectura have developed a series of curved wooden shells, formed making use of only stress utilized to the material through water fat."

49. PERU
URBAN ENCOUNTERS FOR THE NEXT 100
Venue: Sale d’Armi Nord, Arsenale
"The exhibition reviews the absorption process of modernity in Peru, in which two supposedly opposite worlds have merged in the architecture and the city, revealing its key moments and main ideas. By doing this, it reassesses this unique bottom-up and top-down process, and poses the question of how architecture will build the city during the next century."

50. POLAND
Impossible Objects
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The exhibition “Impossible Objects” deals with the relations between modernism and politics in the context of building a modern nation state. The show’s highlight is a natural-scale replica of the canopy over the entrance to the burial crypt of Marshal Józef Piłsudski, the Polish political and military leader, created in 1937 at the Wawel Cathedral in Kraków according to a design of Adolf Szyszko-Bohusz."

51. PORTUGAL
HOMELAND. NEWS FROM PORTUGAL
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
 "HOMELAND, News from Portugal is a newspaper.[..] They all participate with their critical reflection on housing in various perspectives, having as raw material the architectural experimentation field par excellence, as well as decisive and primary element of urban and territorial construction social and cultural reflection of its inhabitants."

52. ROMANIA
Site Under Construction
Venue: Nuova Galleria dell'Istituto Romeno di Venezia Palazzo Correr, Campo Santa Fosca, Cannaregio 2214
http://siteunderconstruction.ro/
"The Romanian Pavilion brings industrial architecture as generator of modernity into discussion. It suggests creating an initiatory journey from inter-war and socialist industrialization to post-industrial urban voids."

53. RUSSIA
Fair Enough 
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The exhibition will be a kind of atlas of the most pressing architectural ideas implemented in Russia over the past century.  (Alexei Shchusev, El Lissitzky, Boris Eremin, Lazarus Khidekel, Narkomfin Moses Ginsburg, the Palace of Pioneers in the Lenin Hills, the architecture of the Moscow Metro, etc.)"

54. SERBIA
14-14
Aleksandar Hrib, Zlatko, Nikolic, Jelena Radonjic, Marko Salapura, Igor Sladoljev
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The spatial frame is the sphere of country changes and the place of modern day Serbia in them, while the time frame is what is before Yugoslavia, its life and what follows."

55. SLOVENIA, Republic of
The Problem of Space Travel - Supre: Architecture
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"The Slovenian pavilion looks at past scientific and artistic space research as diverse preliminary efforts of space culturalization. While considering the architectural, artistic and scientific pioneers of space culturalization, the Pavilion defines a course for the next epoch of life outside the Earth."

56. SOUTH AFRICA
1914-2014 The South African Experience
Venue: Sale d’Armi Nord, Arsenale
"Between 1914 and 2014 South Africa experienced the most decisive events in its history. [..] The exhibition traces the paths of two distinctly conceived and realized modernisms that so often provided the momentum in South Africa’s defining century."

57. SPAIN
Interior
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The Spanish Pavilion will examine the concept of ‘Interior’ as the overall theme of the pavilion. The result of exploring the central theme of ‘Interior’  will be approached as an investigation through different examples of Spanish contemporary architecture."

58. SWITZERLAND
Lucius Burckhardt and Cedric Price. A stroll through a fun palace
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"In a digital time of unlimited access to information, where everyone can be an architect, a curator, an intellectual thinker, Hans Ulrich Obrist’s Lucius Burckhardt and Cedric Price – A stroll through a fun palace revisits the recent past of architecture through retrospectives of Lucius Burckhardt (1925–2003) and Cedric Price (1934–2003), reflecting on its future in the 21st century."

59. THAILAND
Spirituality - freedom and creativity, a fundamental in Thai Architecture
Venue: Pavilion at the Arsenale
"The Thai cultural core has had her seeds sown in Spirituality. [..] The pavilion presents an installation of a serene world of silhouettes and shadows of lines, surfaces and forms."

60. TURKEY *
Places of Memory
Venue: Sale d’Armi Nord, Arsenale
"With an idea departing from three areas of Istanbul that acted as thresholds during different stages of the curator’s life (Murat Tabanlıoğlu), the project will focus on the concept of place itself, incorporated with the subjective vision of every exhibitor in the team. Working with across different scales and mediums, the team will create a story that will be experienced in Venice."

61. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES *
Lest We Forget: Structures of Memory in the United Arab Emirates
Venue: Sale d’Armi Nord, Arsenale
"The pavilion shows images of life in the 1970s and 1980s. [..] The exhibition will present photographs gathered from national archives, government records and prominent collections as well as unpublished material [..]. The 1970s and 1980s was the transition period between the traditional structures and the very modern skyscrapers we know today."

62. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
OFFICEUS
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
http://officeus.org/
 "The U.S. pavilion is focusing on the ways in which the space, structures, and protocols of the U.S. architectural office have participated in the construction of Modernity. [..] The Repository documents 1000 projects from the last 100 years, designed by U.S. offices working abroad and 200 architecture offices that have been key in the making of this legacy."

63. UKRAINE
…the face of my square
Venue: to be confirmed
"The contribution of Ukraine [..] us about the Kiev artist Kazimir Malevich and the beginning of the Suprematism – the most radical avant-garde direction, which completely changed coordinates of art and architecture."

64. URUGUAY
La Aldea Feliz. Episodios de la modernización en el Uruguay / Episodes of modernization in Uruguay
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The pavilion shows hundred years of modernization in Uruguay touring twenty episodes that in different forms exposes the most secret ambitions of the modern dream and also its nightmares."

65. VENEZUELA 
Venue: Pavilion at Giardini
"The Venezuelan Urban Artists Collective takes over Venezuela's National Pavilion, contrasting the surrounding greens with bold urban art statements."

Source: Biennale Pavilions'' press releases,  www.myartguides.com/venice-architecture-biennale-2014